Detail View: NASA Spitzer Space Telescope Collection:

Title: 
Baby Picture of our Solar System
Description: 
A rare, infrared view of a developing star and its flaring jets taken by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope shows us what our own solar system might have looked like billions of years ago. In visible light, this star and its surrounding regions are completely hidden in darkness. Stars form out of spinning clouds, or envelopes, of gas and dust. As the envelopes flatten and collapse, jets of gas stream outward and a swirling disk of planet-forming material takes shape around the forming star. Eventually, the envelope and jets disappear, leaving a newborn star with a suite of planets. This process takes millions of years. The Spitzer image shows a developing sun-like star, called L1157, that is only thousands of years old (for comparison, our solar system is around 4.5 billion years old). Why is the young system only visible in infrared light? The answer has to do with the fact that stars are born in the darkest and dustiest corners of space, where little visible light can escape. But the heat, or infrared light, of an object can be detected through the dust. In Spitzer's infrared view of L1157, the star itself is hidden but its envelope is visible in silhouette as a thick black bar. While Spitzer can peer through this region's dust, it cannot penetrate the envelope itself. Hence, the envelope appears black. The thickest part of the envelope can be seen as the black line crossing the giant jets. This L1157 portrait provides the first clear look at stellar envelope that has begun to flatten. The color white shows the hottest parts of the jets, with temperatures around 100 degrees Celsius (212 degrees Fahrenheit). Most of the material in the jets, seen in orange, is roughly zero degrees on the Celsius and Fahrenheit scales. The reddish haze all around the picture is dust. The white dots are other stars, mostly in the background. L1157 is located 800 light-years away in the constellation Cepheus. This image was taken by Spitzer's infrared array camera. Infrared light of 8 microns is colored red; 4.5-micron infrared light is green; and 3.6-micron infrared light is blue.
Release Date: 
2007/11/29
Press Release: 
Embryonic Star Captured with Jets Flaring [ http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/Media/releases/ssc2007-19/release.shtml ]
Release Credit: 
NASA/JPL-Caltech/UIUC
Image Credit: 
NASA/JPL-Caltech/Leslie Looney (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Object name: 
L1157
Object type: 
Young Protostar (sun-like) with a protostellar jet and flattened envelope
Distance: 
250 pc
Constellation: 
Cepheus
Wavelength: 
3.6 micron (blue), 4.5 micron (green), and 8 micron (red)
Image scale: 
5.9 x 7.2 arcmin
Observers: 
Leslie Looney (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) John Tobin (University of Michigan) Woojin Kwon (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Instrument: 
IRAC
Exposure Date: 
2006 August 13
Exposure Time: 
900 seconds
Orientation: 
North is 5.3 deg CW from up
facet_what: 
Cepheus
facet_where: 
Illinois
Image #: 
ssc2007-19b
original url: 
http://sscws1.ipac.caltech.edu/Imagegallery/image.php?image_name=ssc2007-19b
UID: 
SPD-SPITZ-ssc2007-19b