STS079-810-049 Haifa, Lake Tiberias, Israel September 1996 The third largest city in Israel, the coastal city of Haifa, situated midway between the center and bottom center of the image, is visible in this southeast-looking view. Haifa is the main port of Israel and is the country?s industrial center as well. Major industries include oil refineries, food processing, shipbuilding, chemicals, electrical equipment, steel, and textiles. In the upper left corner of the image, the pear-shaped freshwater Lake Tiberias (Sea of Galilee) can be seen. Lake Tiberias is 14 miles (23 km) long and has a maximum width of 8 miles (13 km). The lake has a maximum depth of 150 feet (46 meters) and covers an area of 64 square miles (165 square km). Lake Tiberias lies 680 feet (207 meters) below sea level and its bed forms part of the Dead Sea Rift Valley. At one time in the geologic past, Lake Tiberias was part of a great inland sea that extended from the Hula marshes in Northern Israel to a point 40 miles (64 km) south of the Dead Sea. The lake is completely encircled by beach, and bordered by escarpments and plains. Tourism and fishing are the main industries around the lake.
STS-106 Shuttle Mission...
STS106-713-002 (19 September 2000) --- One of the STS-106 crew members on board the Space Shuttle Atlantis, 204 nautical miles above Earth, used a handheld 70mm camera to photograph this image featuring the Sea of Galilee and part of the Mediterranean coast. Also known as Lake Tiberius and other names, the body of water is the only natural fresh-water lake in Israel. It borders on the Golan Heights on its east side. The port of Haifa is visible on the Mediterranean coast. The large agriculture projects on the Israeli side of Galilee are irrigated by the lake and the Jordan River.
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